Questions of Periodization Nature and causes of changes The fall of classical empires led to decentralization of government in China and in Europe leading up to the period of C. The collapse of the Han dynasty in China opened the door to the spread and appeal of Buddhism into China, since the Confucian authority was no longer centralized. In the Western Roman Empire, the fall of the west left a power vacuum that set the stage for the rise of fragmented regional kingdoms. In India, the tradition of weak centralized power coupled with the Hindu caste system contributed to the social stability after the fall of the Gupta empire.
Prince Henry the Navigator Portuguese royal prince, soldier, and patron of explorers. Prince Henry started the first school for oceanic navigation along with an astronomical observatory at Sagres, Portugal. He conquered Constantinople and brought an end to the Byzantine Empire. Johannes Gutenberg The German inventor developed a method of printing from movable type.
Sunni Ali - He was the first king of the Songhai Empire, located in west Africa and the 15th ruler of the Sonni dynasty. Niccolo Machiavelli May 03, - June 21, He wrote The Prince, a handbook for unscrupulous politicians that inspired the term "machiavellian. Martin Luther - Attacked the sale of indulgences in the Catholic church.
He called for a reform with the 95 Theses in Columbus participated in several other expeditions to Africa. Atahualpa - He was the last Inca ruler who was executed by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro that marked the end of the Inca empire.
Shah Ismail He founded the Safavid dynasty and made the Shia as the state religion. Explored the coast of present day Colombia and stayed on island of Hispaniola. Ferdinand Magellan - Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan led the first European voyage of discovery to circumnavigate the globe for Spain.
Suleyman - Known as the "Law Giver" and "Suleyman the Magnificent", he expanded the empire and was a poet.
Became effective advisors and missionaries world wide. Akbar the Great - Muslim emperor of India, established kingdom through military conquests, but is known for his policy of religious tolerance. Nicolaus Copernicus He suggested that the sun was the center of the universe and that Earth was just another planet.
He was a traveler and studyied mathematics and astronomy. Galileo Galilei February 15, - January 08, Galileo was an Italian scientist who led the Scientific Revolution, proposing the then controversial idea of Copernicanism, the idea that earth orbits the sun.
Tokugawa Ieyasu Started the Tokugawa Shogunate that brought some centralized authority to Japan. They rules from the city of Edo. He suggested that all human knowledge comes from sense perceptions.
Thomas Hobbes - English philosopher in the 17th century, was famous for his book Leviathan and his political views on society. Believed Man is not by nature a social animal, society could not exist except by the power of the state. Succeded his faher to the thrown at four years old.
Kangxi - Emperor of the Qing Dynasty who's reign brought about long-term stability and relative wealth after years of war and chaos. Voltaire - French Philosophe, champion of religious liberty and individual freedom.During the s the Portuguese searched for and established footholds in the Indian Ocean trade, thanks to explorers like Vasco da Gama By the mids, Portugal had established 50 trading posts between west Africa and east Asia, and therefore had cheaper access to Asian spices such as pepper, ginger, cloves, and nutmeg.
- Both the Dutch and the English organized private trading companies to handle Indian Ocean trade. They displaced the Portuguese and competed with each other.
UNIT III: - C.E. In the previous era ( C.E.), sometimes called the post-classical period, we explored the rise of new civilizations in both hemispheres, the spread of major religions that created cultural areas for analysis, and an expansion of long-distance trade to include European and African kingdoms.
- Both the Dutch and the English organized private trading companies to handle Indian Ocean trade. They displaced the . Changes & Continuities in Commercial Trade in the Indian Ocean. Changes and Continuities in Commercial Life in the Indian Ocean C.E. to C.E. The increased European involvement in Indian Ocean trade: Europeans desired many Indian goods such as spices and textiles.
The mission of expeditions was to establish trading . Home > High School > AP World History > Notes > Expansion of Trade and Exchanges: c. CE - c. Expansion of Trade and Exchanges: c. CE - c. India, and Southeast Asia could trade with those from Arabia and East Africa via the Indian Ocean;.