Then when I saw he put long quoted passages in italics, I thought, oh boy this book will be a train wreck. It's not, though, it's good and interesting, realistic, grim, haunting, and unpretentious. This was my first time reading about Chernobyl, so I didn't know what to expect, and I can't compare it to other books. The autho The author effectively lowered my expectations by initially describing his difficulties obtaining the material and organizing it, with family obligations at home and so on.
Location of Chernobyl nuclear power plant The abandoned city of Pripyat with the Chernobyl facility visible in the distance The disaster began during a systems test on 26 April at reactor 4 of the Chernobyl plant near Pripyat and in proximity to the administrative border with Belarus and the Dnieper River.
There was a sudden and unexpected power surge. When operators attempted an emergency shutdown, a much larger spike in power output occurred.
This second spike led to a reactor vessel rupture and a series of steam explosions. These events exposed the graphite moderator of the reactor to air, causing it to ignite.
The plumes drifted over large parts of the western Soviet Union and Europe. Thirty-six hours after the accident, Soviet officials enacted a kilometre exclusion zonewhich resulted in the rapid evacuation of 49, people primarily from Pripyat, the nearest large population centre.
Initially, the town itself was comparatively safe due to the favourable wind direction. Until the winds began to change direction, shelter in place was considered the best safety measure for the town.
A further 68, persons were evacuated, including from the town of Chernobyl itself. Although certain initiatives are legitimate, as Kalman Mizseithe director of the UN Development Programnoted, "an industry has been built on this unfortunate event," with a "vast interest in creating a false picture.
The rate of new construction builds for civilian fission-electric reactors dropped in the late s, with the effects of accidents having a chilling effect. The World Association of Nuclear Operators was formed as a direct result of the accident, with the aim of creating a greater exchange of information on safety and on techniques to increase the capacity of energy production.
The accident raised the already heightened concerns about fission reactors worldwide, and while most concern was focused on those of the same unusual design, hundreds of disparate electric-power reactor proposals, including those under construction at Chernobyl, reactor No.
As the reactor had not been encased by any kind of hard containment vesselthis dispersed large quantities of radioactive isotopes into the atmosphere : The accident occurred during an experiment scheduled to test the viability of a potential safety emergency core cooling feature, which required a normal reactor shutdown procedure.
This heat continues for some time after the chain reaction is stopped e. Analysis indicated that this residual momentum and steam pressure might be sufficient to run the coolant pumps for 45 seconds, : An initial test carried out in indicated that the excitation voltage of the turbine-generator was insufficient; it did not maintain the desired magnetic field after the turbine trip.
The system was modified, and the test was repeated in but again proved unsuccessful. Inthe tests were attempted a third time but also yielded negative results.
The test procedure would be repeated inand it was scheduled to take place during the maintenance shutdown of Reactor Four. The test procedure was expected to begin with an automatic emergency shutdown.The accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Ukraine has been described as the worst nuclear disaster the world has ever seen.
The greatest nuclear disaster of all time on 26 April at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in the city of Pripyat was then located in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic of the Soviet Union. This historical fact is extremely significant.
Chernobyl Essay Examples. 18 total results. A History of the Rise and Fall of Russian Communism. words. An Analysis of the Different Accounts for the Story of the Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster.
words. 1 page. His new book, Chernobyl: The History of a Nuclear Catastrophe, is a gripping account of the people responsible for the construction and operation of the nuclear power plant, and the fatal errors that occurred during a planned shutdown of Reactor 3 on April 25, Störfälle: Literary Accounts from Chernobyl to Fukushima Katharina Gerstenberger Heise’s fairly recent and extensive analysis “Afterglow: Chernobyl and the Everyday,” Wolf’s interweaving of the story of the nuclear disaster with her complex rendering.
The Chernobyl disaster, Anatoli Zakharov, a fireman stationed in Chernobyl since , offers a different description in according to many English language news articles, books and the prominent BBC docudrama Surviving Time: (Moscow Time, UTC+3).