Marx and Durkheim There was once a time when the societies of the world were nothing more than a ruling class and a class that was ruled.
According to Marx, laws have been designed to serve the interests of capitalism and the ruling class of capitalists. They are able to oppress the working class with the help of the laws which exist in the society.
Every single law which regulates the relations in the society is created in order to further increase the gap between the ruling class and the working class.
Working people get poorer and poorer the more they produce because capitalists take the surplus value which they create.
Laws let capitalists obtain the profits which are originated by companies. Even though working people would probably like to change the law and be capable to benefit from the results of their own work, they are not able to do that because they do not have enough power.
As the positivist approach argues, capitalists have their own subjective perceptions of the society and thus the laws are being used in order to put their subjective views on the paper.
Capitalists have their views on the ways in which they would like to see the world they live in. They do their best to ensure that the laws are adopted to regulate the society according to the most favorable pattern for them.
According to it, law also serves the interests of capitalists but it appears as the result of the objective process. Capitalists dominate in the society and therefore the trends in legislation which serve their interests are fully objective.
It is understandable that legislation needs to reflect the interests of the ruling class, and therefore this process is fully objective. Max Weber has very different views on law, in comparison with Marx.
According to Weber, law does not reflect subjective interests of the capitalist class or objective characteristics of capitalist society. There is no class which determines the features of the legislation. All of the people in the society are parts of the same machine which functions only when all of the parts are in order.
As Weber states, modern society is what actually determines the law ruling in the society. In the modern society, bureaucracy determines all of the elements of regulation. Modern organizations are all characterized by bureaucracy.
It is present on all levels of the organizations. In bureaucratic organizations decisions are made by the management and forwarded to the employees on lower level.
All of the people working for such organizations are similar to parts of a peculiar machine. They need to fulfill certain functions and certain responsibilities, without which the whole machine will fall apart.
Employees are generally unable to make decisions on their own because they mostly have to follow the instructions of management. Creativity is not encouraged and empowerment of employees is prohibited. All of the bureaucratic organizations function according to a peculiar system of law which is common for all of the organizations of a kind.
All of the decisions made in companies are fully rational. There is no place for subjective opinions in them because rationality rules the society.
There is also no place for personalization in such a society. Every person is just a part of the machine. He is not an individual; he is only a part of the large society. All of the people are thus considered to be similar to one another and thus capable to function according to the same rules.
Comparing the Ideologies of Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and Max Weber Words | 6 Pages. Comparing the Ideologies of Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and Max Weber Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and Max Weber were three historical sociologists. The Power Trio of Sociology. Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and Max Weber are the three most important figures in sociology. Their ideas about society are still discussed today, and you’re apt to hear their names in all branches of sociology. The sociological views of the three founding fathers; Karl Marx, Max Weber, and Emile Durkheim all assert that various aspects of our lifestyle are fully a product of the society in which we live.
Max Weber argues that in the society in which bureaucracy rules there is no place for emotions in legislation. In the feudal society, the ruler did not have to use only rationality in his decisions. When he had to make a decision of executing a particular person, he was able to listen to his emotions and rely on them to carry out the decision.
The ruler was able to change his standards depending on the kind of person he had to make a decision about and rely on his instincts. In the modern society, emotions completely disappeared from legislative process. People working in court, in social institutions or any other organizations are not able to make decisions based on their personal perceptions.
They have to follow the rules and the guidelines which exist in the society. For example, if some person applies for a loan at the bank, the loan officer is no longer able to give a loan based on his impression of a person.
He has rules which determine whether he will agree to grant a loan to a person or not.Emile Durkheim and Max Weber Comparison Essay example - Emile Durkheim and Max Weber both appealed to me in the reading of chapter 1. They both have similarities and differences on their approaches to sociology.
Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber all offer a wide array of thoughts and ideas regarding to religion. Firstly, Emile Durkheim's views of religion will be explained. Firstly, Emile Durkheim's views of religion will be explained. Comparing and Contrasting Sociological Theorists Max Weber, Emile Durkheim and Karl Marx Words 7 Pages Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx, and Max Weber are all important characters to be studied in the field of Sociology.
More Essay Examples on Compare Rubric. The analysis of law provided in the works of Marx, Durkheim and Weber is greatly influenced by the theories of the scientists.
Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber all offer a wide array of thoughts and ideas regarding to religion. Firstly, Emile Durkheim's views of religion will be explained.
Firstly, Emile Durkheim's views of religion will be explained. Karl Marx ( - ) and Max Weber ( - ) have often been regarded as the founding fathers of interpretive sociology, or of the social action approach within sociology. Marx and Weber’s characteristics of modern societies were different.
Marx stressed capitalism and class conflict and Weber stressed rationalisation and bureaucracy. .